Tuesday, November 17, 2020

Enneagram Divination

Evidence of an Evangelical Paradigm Shift

 

“…Learn not the way of the heathen….”
(Jeremiah 10:2a) 

 


 

By Sarah H. Leslie

It has been said that a picture is worth a thousand words. The graphic exhibit above is from the Winter 1998 issue of Gnosis magazine, which billed itself “A Journal of the Western Inner Traditions.” This is an occult periodical titled with the ancient word gnosis, the Greek word for knowledge.[1] Gnosticism was a potent heresy in the early church, and it has shown up in many guises throughout church history. 

This Gnosis cover image depicts an utterly unclothed woman in a trance (I covered her up). This image is credited to have come from a Tarot card deck, which is witchcraft.[2] The magazine contains an article about G.I. Gurdjieff titled “Oracles Within: The Inner Animal Teachings of G.I. Gurdjieff” which has to do with shapeshifting, from the very deepest dregs of Satanism. In case our readers have never considered the utter depth of depravity of man described in the verses in Romans 1, particularly verse 23 (“And changed the glory of the uncorruptible God into an image made like to corruptible man, and to birds, and fourfooted beasts, and creeping things”) the exhibit below from page 36 of the article about Gurdjjieff in Gnosis magazine illustrates it (again I covered up the nakedness): “ 

Exhibit: Gnosis graphic of a bird woman from the Guirdjieff article[4]

“Who changed the Truth of God into a lie,
and worshipped and served the creature more than the Creator,
Who is blessed for ever. Amen.”

(Romans 1:25)
 

 

So now you can plainly see the milieu of G.I. Gurdjieff. He has been a well-known figure in the occult world.[5] “Gurdjieff had great influence on the modern New Age Movement.”[6] He is credited with the Enneagram, an esoteric symbol, a device to “see” into hidden things of the “universe.”[7]

The Enneagram is increasing in popularity in the evangelical world. The Enneagram symbol is being used as an assessment device to “divine” one’s inner self. This represents a fundamental paradigm shift away from the written and spoken Word of God (logos, λόγος – by which we are born again – e.g., 1 Peter 1:23,25) to a visual symbol to “divine” one’s self (idolatry -- εἰδωλολατρεία; literally, image worship – 1 Cor. 10:14; Gal. 5:20; Col. 3:5). 

The “image” of beasts that Gurdjieff taught, and the “image” of the Enneagram, both typify visual forms of worship strongly forbidden in Scripture (Lev. 26:1, e.g.). In fact, increasing imagery is a sign of the endtimes. Our tech-laden culture is now surrounded with visual images, and sadly many people are functionally illiterate. It was inevitable that there would be a corresponding spiritual shift to the visual. The day is rapidly approaching when people will worship the beast and the image of the beast (Rev. 13:12,15; 14: 9, 11). 

 

Exhibit: Basic Enneagram from p. 39
of Richard Rohr and the Enneagram Secret.


Richard Rohr and the Enneagram Secret 

A few months ago I was sent a review copy of a new book titled Richard Rohr and the Enneagram Secret by Don & Joy Veinot and Marcia Montenegro, published by Midwest Christian Outreach.[8] I decided to write a review when I realized the significance of the current rise in popularity of the Enneagram in the evangelical world. I had noticed that recently Lighthouse Trails had published a warning on May 20, 2020 about Zondervan’s big marketing push for the Enneagram,[9] which referred to their previously published booklet by Lois Putnam titled The Enneagram—An Enlightening Tool or an Enticing Deception?[10] Others with discernment had also written on this topic, including Gary Gilley’s brilliant analysis “The Enneagram—Part 1.”[12] 

Richard Rohr and the Enneagram Secret painstakingly documents the known origins of the Enneagram. This history was important to establish because so much of it has been “updated” and sanitized in order to make the Enneagram seem like a helpful psychological self-improvement tool that evangelicals can safely use to “see” into their personality. The authors explain, “According to early disciple and Russian P.D. Ouspensky (1978-1947), Gurdjieff taught the Enneagram was a knowledge of all that is in the cosmos.”[13] He then developed a “path of self-transformation” to “awaken” the consciousness. Terms associated with his beliefs include “Fourth Way” and “The Work.”[14]

On its face, these terms should be immediately suspect to the Christian who knows God’s Word is the only source of Truth about ourselves and the universe. There is no other “way” than Jesus Christ, “the way, the truth and the life” (John 14:6). As Paul wrote, he feared “lest by any means, as the serpent beguiled Even through his subtitly, so your minds should be corrupted from the simplicity that is in Christ” (2 Cor. 11:3). But many evangelicals are no longer standing upon objective facts, biblical truth and rational science. There is a tendency to be emotion-driven, living in the subjective realm. Many are falling into the shifting sands of cultural relativism, media narratives, peer pressures and pseudo-science (2 Tim. 3:6; 2 Cor. 11:3. Many have opened themselves to alternate pathways to “truth”, which now includes the Gnostic, occult and New Age worldview of esoteric and deep secret knowledge (gnosis). 

Richard Rohr and the Enneagram Secret recounts the circuitous path by which the Enneagram traveled from Gurdjieff to Richard Rohr who has “played a key role in bringing in and popularizing the Enneagram in the evangelical churches.”[15] Rohr is described as a Franciscan friar who is also known for social justice, contemplative practices, panentheism and a theology of “nonduality” (no right or wrong). He is also known as a Perennialist – “the belief that there is one Divine Reality at the center of all religions” (p. 78). His theology that all humanity is united spiritually is a core tenet of the global New Age religion. The authors recount other names associated with Rohr who have become well-known promoters of the profitable Enneagram, including Bob Ochs, Mitch Pacwa, Ian Cron, Suzanne Stabile, and Christopher Heuertz. 

This book is available from Midwest Christian Outreach HERE.

Occult Origins 

The mystical origin of the Enneagram is documented in many occult research sources. The Seeker’s Handbook, a New Age encyclopedia of terms, listed George Ivanovitch Gurdjieff as “Assumed name(?) of an influential and somewhat notorious occultist”[16] and defined Enneagram as: 

“In metaphysical and esoteric systems, especially the Gurdjieff work, a model of the principles working in the universe, usually represented as a nine-pointed star with lines connecting every other point. Widely viewed as a profound key to the organization of the universe and human psychology, where it is treated a system of nine distinct personality types…. Nineness seems to be an archetypal feature of world-design…”[17]

 

The remainder of this definition goes into deeper occult meanings of the symbol itself and its “nine world-generating powers of various pagan goddesses—a history which is so spiritually dark that I will not repeat it here lest any be deceived. The Dictionary of Mysticism and the Occult defines the term Ennead (the number nine) as a term used in both numerology and mythology.[18] As I read this definition my mind flashed back to what I already knew about mystical symbolism of the number nine. When I entered the Baháʼí temple in Wilmette, Illinois in the summer of 1974 I was told that the architectural significance of this nine-sided building represented nine major religions of the world that would one day be united as one.[19] The Baháʼí faith teaches that Jesus was merely one of a succession of christ figures culminating in a “unified world order.”[20] The Enneagram fits into this syncretistic vision of a global religion. 

Exhibit: Read Lighthouse Trails' warning about this Zondervan film HERE;
 

Further insight into the occult significance of the Enneagram symbol can be found in Dr. Cathy Burns’ Masonic and Occult Symbols Illustrated, a classic reference compendium warning Christians explicitly of the occult origins of many popular symbols, signs, logos, diagrams, etc. Dr. Burns classifies Enneagrams under Astrology, which is a form of divination (see the warning in Jeremiah 10:2), and cites “Djwhal Khul, the spirit guide who revealed this diagram and its meaning to Alice Bailey,” the woman who forged the rise of the occult New Age Movement.[21] She also notes that the Enneagram resembles the Tree of Life of Jewish Kabbalah mysticism.[22] The astrology connection is underscored by Marcia Montenegro, one of the authors of Richard Rohr and the Enneagram Secret, who notes how astrology is done by “identifying with and divining one’s human interactions and events according to one’s Zodiac sun sign.” She warns that there “is a dangerously similar pattern with the Enneagram. Christians are identifying with their Enneagram number.”[23] As one who practiced Astrology during the hippie era I can attest to the dangerously seductive nature of trying to identify my personality traits via a star sign, which corresponds with “divining” the future.[24]

There is one other important aspect of the Enneagram – it is a series of triangles inside a circle. Dr. Burns notes that a circle is the symbol of the universe.[25] Triangles have embedded symbolic occult meaning depending on how they are pointed, upwards or downwards. They can represent devilish deity, the divinization of man, sexuality, and other secret coded meaning. Series of triangles have additional meanings, such as the 5-pointed pentagram, which represents the devil Baphomet, “the embodiment of Lucifer as a god.”[26] The Enneagram’s unique triangular arrangement subtly depicts this very image. Believers are therefore warned to NOT engage in gazing at the image of the Enneagram, nor should they attempt to maneuver through its triangles! If you have done so, and fall under conviction of the Holy Spirit upon reading this, please pray a prayer of repentance (1 John 1:9: “If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just to forgive us our sins, and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness.”). 

Rohr's attempt to Christianize the occult symbol

 

Reading the Tea Leaves 

The Enneagram is being used as a tool for divination—accessing or discovering secret things. Divination would include such practices as channeling via occult symbols, horoscopes, palmistry, tea leaf reading, the Ouija Board, crystal ball gazing, and other forms of sorcery and vision casting.[27] Divination is expressly forbidden in Scripture: 

“When thou art come into the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee,
thou shalt not learn to do after the abominations of those nations.
There shall not be found among you any one
that maketh his son or his daughter to pass through the fire,
or that useth divination,
or an observer of times,
or an enchanter,
or a witch,
Or a charmer,
or a consulter with familiar spirits,
or a wizard,
or a necromancer.”

(Deuteronomy 18:9-11) 

According to Dr. Orrel Steinkamp, an expert on how the New Age has influenced evangelicaldom, 

Divination generally refers to attempts to learn "hidden things" that cannot be known by normal means. Divination falls into two broad categories: mechanical and internal. Mechanical divination uses physical means to acquire hidden knowledge. Examples of this include such things as gazing into crystal balls, examining the livers or other internal organs of animals, interpreting the way arrows land after being thrown into the air, and reading Tarot cards. The internal category, sometimes called "soothsaying," involves conjuring up a spiritual entity during a trance or an altered state of consciousness. Sometimes this spirit entity will appear as a person, no longer living, who returns and speaks words of wisdom. Sometimes the spirit who is "called up" speaks “through” a medium. In Acts 16:16 the slave girl had a "spirit of divination."… Whatever the category or method used, divination is an attempt to ferret out hidden (occult) information.[28]

It is significant that some of the practitioners of the Enneagram believe that “it is the face of God.”[29] Bob DeWaay, in his review of Richard Rohr’s book The Enneagram: A Christian Perspective informs us that “Rohr includes a graphic of the Enneagram with the face of Jesus in the middle of it (245).”[30] This is imagery, which is idolatry. If you are seeking the “face” of God you need to turn to the Bible, God’s written Word: “Thy Word is true from the beginning,” Psalm 119:160a). And, as Jesus prayed to God, His Father, “Sanctify them through Thy Truth: Thy Word is Truth” (John 17:17). There is a profound difference between Christianity, which is based on the written Word of God, and other religion systems that rely upon imagery, imagination, idolatry, and stimulations of the senses in order to access the spiritual realm. 

Exhibit: An Enneagram figure with 4 temperaments and astrology (Source)

The Enneagram Assessment 

The old occult Enneagram has been repackaged. The Enneagram has been called an “odd conglomeration of mystical sources [that] has been modified and integrated with pop psychology, temperament theory and ad hoc mystical spirituality.”[31] It is being marketed to evangelical Christians as an assessment tool, a psychological test that will measure their personality. 

When I asked Don Veinot whether these Enneagram “tests” had been put through the normal processes of validation or reliability, he referred me to “The Enneagram, Science, and Christianity” by Jay Medenwaldt (Part 1 and Part 2). We have strong disagreements with much of this author’s stance regarding the use of psychological testing instruments, but he does correctly point out that the “enneagram is not a scientifically validated tool.” For those who want to delve into the actual research on the test’s reliability and validity, they will be sorely disappointed by the lack of unbiased objective hard scientific data. Interestingly Medenwaldt also compares the Enneagram to Astrology “because they both ‘work’ for the same reasons.” His list of warnings (“reasons”) about the Enneagram instrument is characteristic of what we know about human nature—we are susceptible to irrationality, coincidence, false characterizations, confirmation bias, correlation and causation errors, groupthink and felt needs. Medenwaldt sums up: 

All of these explanations are widely accepted by psychological scientists for why people sometimes make errors in their reasoning. This is just the normal way people think so the growing popularity of the Enneagram is not surprising. After all, it does seem like a pretty good test on the surface (this is known as face validity, which is the lowest level of scientific validity).[32]

 

All psycho-social testing instruments are inherently flawed. They are not hard science (1 Tim. 6:20). The troubles with using them in the church, as noted by Medenwaldt, include the potential for mischaracterizations and mislabeling people, the possibilities for abuse in the church, the misuse of the test itself, and its inherent “anti-intellectual and anti-science” nature.

My husband Lynn and I have education and professional expertise in testing and assessment measures. We have published, edited and authored many articles and books pertaining to spiritual and academic issues in testing for the past 40 years.[33] Once I became aware of the overt occult nature of the Enneagram I declined to look into it further. Thus I will provide no scholarly analysis. 

Also, given my hippie experience with Astrology I am fully aware of the dangers of “looking” too deeply into something like this. There is a basic risk whenever delving into the occult realm – it leads to endlessly spiraling circuitous routes to find “truth” that never ends. I did not want to go near temptation lest I become deluded into identifying myself with one of the 9 “types”. It is clear from Gary Gilley’s analysis of the Enneagram in his Part 2 that the purveyors of it have purposefully exploited the “deeper” meanings,[34] and developed intricate complexities that lure people into the spiraling loops of endless philosophies that never answer (1 Tim. 1:4). 

Exhibit: A JoPa e-mail 5/10/13


Emergent Enneagram 

Readers wanting to look further into the background of the Enneagram can research Richard Rohr in the search engine of the late Pastor Ken Silva’s Apprising Ministries website. There are a multitude of well-documented articles documenting the rapid rise of influence of Rohr via the Emergent Church movement. During the period of time that Pastor Silva was writing these articles he was sharing his research with me, and he became more and more convinced that there was a push to mainstream the Enneagram into the evangelical church world. Pastor Silva published articles such as: 

 


Thankfully others with discernment have written good articles to warn about the dangers of the Enneagram. Gary Gilley summarized several of the most key issues: 

“Despite the recent popularity of the Enneagram, there remain numerous concerns for the discerning Christian. For example:
• “Absolutely none of the Enneagram’s teachings are derived from Scripture.
• “The sources upon which the Enneagram rest are mysticism, visions, psychological theory, and experience.
• “There is no scientific verification of the Enneagram, and even the vast majority of psychologists reject it.
• “The foundational developers of the modern Enneagram took a Gnostic approach in which they sought esoteric and secret knowledge. The great flaw in Gnosticism was abandoning the objective truth of Scripture to seek hidden knowledge. When Gnostics supposedly found secret knowledge, they developed a religious system that proved to be early Christianity’s greatest challenge in the second and third centuries. The teachers of the Enneagram have imitated this very approach, seeking esoteric knowledge from unreliable sources, developing a system of supposed mystical truths, and promoting it among the unsuspecting.”[36]

Exhibit illustrating Catalyst's promotion of the Enneagram[37]

Putting this issue into its bigger context, the launching of an aggressive Enneagram marketing campaign into Evangelicaldom is a huge sign that the big corporate and/or spiritual gurus think that the church is ready to more fully enter the massive paradigm shift from the Written Word over to the Visual Image. This has extraordinary implications for remnant believers, especially as we see the stage being set for a global church. For many decades we have warned both in the church and to the outside world about the necessity of literacy, knowing how to read and write language. We wrote an entire post about this titled “Envisioning Emergence” on July 23, 2009, which described the pivotal role that the Emergent Church Movement played in orchestrating this shift over to a global visioning:

“Dreams, images, icons, symbols, meditations, chantings, labyrinths – anything but God’s Word – have become fully operational in the modern Emergent movement. All serve as a means to an end. Mysticism and experientialism do not simply supplement Scripture, they replace it.”[38]

 

Now, more than ever before, believers need to spend time away from the barrage of incessant imagery, especially emanating from Big Tech, and immerse themselves in the Truth found only in God’s Word. 

“Do not err, my beloved brethren. Every good gift and every perfect gift is from above, and cometh down from the Father of lights, with whom is no variableness, neither shadow of turning. Of His own will begat he us with the Word of Truth, that we should be a kind of firstfruits of his creatures.”
(James 1:16-18) 

 

“For the time is come that judgment must begin at the house of God: and if it first begin at us, what shall the end be of them that obey not the gospel of God?”
(1 Peter 4:17) 

 

Endnotes:
1. Exhibit #1 is the cover of Gnosis: A Journal of the Western Inner Traditions, Winter 1998 (No. 46) with the nudity of the female figure covered up. 
2. We wrote a post about Gnosticism on December 14, 2005, titled “The Gnostic Army,” https://herescope.blogspot.com/2005/12/gnostic-army.html 
3. Ibid. The “About our cover” on the inside cover of this issue of Gnosis states: “The Star card from an as yet unnamed Tarot deck by Stevee Postman, scheduled for release in the fall of 1998 from Inner Traditions International.” 
4. Ibid, Gnosis, p. 36, from an article by Rob Baker titled “Oracles Within: The Inner Animal Teachings of G.I. Gurdjieff.”. This graphic exhibit includes artwork credited to Susan Hill.
5. Simply read his Wikipedia page and notice the many links and footnoted documentation: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Gurdjieff 
6. Don & Joy Veinot and Marcia Montenegro, Richard Rohr and the Enneagram Secret (MCOI Publishing, 2020), p. 62. 
7. Veinot, p. 24. The use of a device to “see” into the spiritual word is otherwise known a “channel” or a “medium” for the demonic. 
8. Available from the Midwest Christian Outreach bookstore: https://midwestoutreach.org/enneagram
9. “Warning: Zondervan Introduces Its First-Ever Film, Nine: The Enneagram Documentary— to Release in Theaters Fall 2020,” Lighthouse Trails Research, May 20, 2020, https://www.lighthousetrailsresearch.com/blog/?p=32297. See also their April 20, 2020 post “Passion Conference Louie Giglio Gives Thumbs Up to Enneagram—Could Influence Scores of Young Evangelicals,” https://www.lighthousetrailsresearch.com/blog/?p=32142 
11. Many of the footnotes in this article link to other writings by discerners. See also Gary Gilley’s review “The Sacred Enneagram, Finding Your Unique Path to Spiritual Growth by Christopher L. Heuertz, June 16, 2020, https://tottministries.org/the-sacred-enneagram-finding-your-unique-path-to-spiritual-growth-by-christopher-l-heuertz-rapids-zondervan-2017-268-pp-paper-18-99/ 
12. Gary Gilley, “The Enneagram—Part 1,” April 9, 2020, https://tottministries.org/the-enneagram-part-1/
13. Veinot, p. 60. 
14. Veinot, p. 61 and also see the Wikipedia pages: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Gurdjieff and https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fourth_Way 
15. Veinot, p. 69. 
16. John Lash, The Seeker’s Handbook: The Complete Guide to Spiritual Pathfinding (Harmony Books, 199), p. 284. This book is a New Age reference resource.
17. Lash, Ibid., p. 264. 
18. Nevill Drury, Dictionary of Mysticism and the Occult (Harper & Row, 1985), p. 78. 
19. In the summer of 1974, I fell into dangerous deception and was nearly persuaded that Baháʼu'lláh was “the Christ.” In the late 1960s I had been a hippie deep into Eastern mysticism and the occult, but then had then accepted Jesus into my heart in 1971. However, after taking a college class on the Jesuit Teilhard de Chardin and reading his book Hymn of the Universe I fell back into an evolutionary worldview. However, one book preserved my faith – Who Moved the Stone? by Frank Morison (1930). Despite this book's shortcomings it fully persuaded me from Scripture that Jesus Christ had indeed physically arisen from the dead. I kept stumbling over the rock of the Word (1 Peter 2:8) and could not reconcile Jesus Christ with another christ. During this time the young man who was attempting to convert me to the Baháʼí faith insisted that the number nine had deep spiritual significance. I have since learned that it does indeed have occult meaning. 
20. See footnote 19. The Wikipedia entry for Baháʼí states: “At the heart of Baháʼí teachings is the goal of a unified world order….” https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baháʼ%C3%AD_Faith. I was told that this faith thought it could unite all the world religions into one system for global peace.
21. Dr. Cathy Burns, Masonic and Occult Symbols Illustrated (Sharing, 1998), p. 281. She attributes this information to research done by Texx Marrs in footnote 18 of her chapter 16. Although Texx Marrs did early work in exposing the occult he later became extremely antisemitic and his writings are not recommended.
22. Burns, Ibid., p. 283, citing Martin and Diedre Bobgan’s landmark book Four Temperaments, Astrology and Personality Testing (EastGate, 1992). 
23. Veinot, p. 97. 
24. When I was a new believer I was gently warned by a young woman after she saw my horoscope poster on the walls of my apartment. It was artwork, very beautiful with gorgeous colors. But I immediately fell under such great conviction that the Holy Spirit led me to take the poster and throw it outside into the dumpster. Praise God for leading me to this small act of obedience! 
25. Dr. Burns, Ibid. p. 27. 
26. Dr. Burns, Ibid., p. 30. 
27. For vision casting see “Rick Warren & Vision Casting,” Herescope, October 12, 2005, https://herescope.blogspot.com/2005/10/rick-warren-vision-casting.html and “What Is Vision Casting?” Apprising Ministries, Oct. 5, 2011, http://apprising.org/2011/10/05/what-is-vision-casting/
28. Dr. Orrel Steinkamp, “Divination Finds Further Expression In The Evangelical Church,” The Plumbline (Vol. 9, No. 3) , June July, 2004. 
29. Veinot, p. 85 citing Ian Cron and Suzanne Stabile, who teach at Rohr’s Center for Action and Contemplation from a Patheos Q&A on October 21, 2016 (see footnote 7, p. 142). 
30. Bob DeWaay, “Enneagram: Pagan Mysticism Promoted as Christian Growth,” Critical Issues Commentary (Issue 138), Summer 2019. https://cicministry.org/commentary/issue138.htm 
31. Bob DeWaay, Ibid.
33. In the 1990s we published The Christian Conscience magazine. What is left of our old website is archived on the web. For examples, see our article “Peering Into the Peers,” and its sidebars, published May 1997 (Vol. 3, No. 4), pp. 6-21: http://web.archive.org/web/20000817202339/http://www.christianconscience.com/hs/peertest.htm, http://web.archive.org/web/20000418104327/http://www.christianconscience.com/hs/define.htm, http://web.archive.org/web/20000418050451/http://www.christianconscience.com/hs/armes.htm, http://web.archive.org/web/20000418231920/http://www.christianconscience.com/hs/pitman.htm and http://web.archive.org/web/20000418190223/http://www.christianconscience.com/hs/oxymoron.htm. See also Cynthia Weatherly’s article “When Is Assessment REALLY Assessment,” published October 1995 (Vol. 1, No. 9), pp. 28-32,50, http://web.archive.org/web/20000914181433/http://www.christianconscience.com/edu_ref/assess.htm which was also published in the book we published the deliberate dumbing down of america: A Chronological Paper Trail by Charlotte Iserbyt (Conscience Press, 1999), as Appendix XI, p. A-44-A51, which contains much testing information, the entire book downloadable free online at: http://deliberatedumbingdown.com/ddd/deliberate-dumbing-down/. See also “When Johnny Takes the Test,” by Melanie K. Fields, Sarah H. Leslie, and Anita B. Hoge published September 1995 (Vol. 1, No. 8), pp. 8-17, http://web.archive.org/web/20000914181427/http://www.christianconscience.com/edu_ref/naep.htm
34. Gary Gilley, “The Enneagram Part 2,” June 12, 2020, https://tottministries.org/the-enneagram-part-2/
35. Read a description of JoPa, cofounded by Emergent leaders Doug Pagitt and Tony Jones in the article by Pastor Ken Silva titled “TONY JONES AND HIS PASTOR DOUG PAGITT WITH JOPA PRODUCTIONS AND CHRISTIANITY 21,” Apprising Ministries, May 17, 2009, http://apprising.org/2009/05/17/tony-jones-and-his-pastor-doug-pagitt-with-jopa-productions-and-christianity-21/
37. This photo was included in an e-mail to me from Jim Fletcher dated May 3, 2014 in which he said he had been attempting to talk about his concerns with Brad Lomenick, director of Catalyst. Jim wrote: "In the $149 'Experience Kit,' they have download cards for the Enneagram Institute and their RHETi personality assessment. When you go to the website, you see their New Age spirituality in full flower, including a prayer to the perfect universe." For an explanation of Catalyst, and Leadership Network's pivotal role in setting up a mystical Emergent movement in Evangelicaldom, see our post Are You 'Stinking Selfish'? Herescope, June 20, 2016, https://herescope.blogspot.com/2016/06/are-you-stinking-selfish.html, and especially note the extensive historical documentation at the bottom of this post.
38. Sarah H. Leslie, “Envisioning Emergence: Part 6: The Emerging Church – Circa 1970,” Herescope, July 23, 2009, https://herescope.blogspot.com/2009/07/envisioning-emergence.html. This was part of an article series examining the roots of the Emergent Church Movement. Berit Kjos archived the entire series on her website: Previous articles in this series: 
Part 10: Carl Rogers – Father of the Emergent Culture, https://herescope.blogspot.com/2009/09/carl-rogers.html 
 

Wednesday, September 30, 2020

“The Return” – To WHAT?

A Bait & Switch Revival?

 

“Nevertheless the foundation of God standeth sure,
having this seal,
The Lord knoweth them that are His.
And, Let every one that nameth the name of Christ
depart from iniquity.”

(2 Timothy 2:19) 

 

(Exhibit)

By Sarah H. Leslie

America the nation is in a state of crisis. Violence and chaos erupts in the streets, pestilence swarms from coast to coast, fires are raging in the West, and bullying threats are ruining lives on mainstream media and social media. The church that is located in America is bogged down by its flagrant sins, especially by indulging in heresies and sexual immoralities. Freedom hangs by a thread. The right to life may never be so precarious. Truth is scarce, and the courage of godly men to speak out the Truth of the Gospel is even more rare. Those who do cry out run the risk of being “cancelled” by social media or censored by high tech. It is without dispute that the times are indeed dire. It is also very evident that this is a time when each individual should seek the Lord in contrition and repentance. The saving Gospel of Jesus Christ is our only hope. 

So into this tumultuous time of judgment two men arose this past weekend to call for prayer and repentance at our nation’s capital. Fervent prayer and sincere repentance are needed. But both of these men’s calls were based on “identificational repentance,”[1] the concocted doctrine that people can corporately confess the sins of their ancestors, each other, or their nations. Further, the messages by these men contained a serious omission. What was left out? We believe that repentance and revival cannot be achieved without a return to God’s Word as our sole and final authority over our lives. 

 

One of the men, Jonathan Cahn, called his event “The Return.” On Saturday September 26th on a simulcast broadcast around the globe, he staged a high profile event at the foot of the Washington Monument. Cahn openly claims to be a prophet of both the Old and New Testament type. He represented both Israel and the United States in a shared spiritual destiny. He proclaimed that America the nation can be saved if the church-at-large located in the land of America will “return” and repent. His event featured the following list of Who’s Who, many of them names prominent “apostles” and “prophets” in the New Apostolic Reformation. We have previously written articles about many of these names below: 

https://www.thereturn.org/live-event/

Concurrently, across the Washington Mall Franklin Graham, esteemed son of the late Billy Graham, also held a prayer revival event. He likewise proclaimed that America is a Christian nation.[2] He stood amidst an ecumenical hodgepodge of prominent leaders, some of whom also attended Cahn’s event. On his Facebook page afterwards (9/27/20) Graham thanked these leaders: 

“Thank you to Dr. Alveda King, Tony Perkins, Darryl Strawberry, Pastor Skip Heitzig, Bishop Harry R. Jackson, Jr., Pastor Greg Laurie, Pastor Robert Morris, Pastor Paula White-Cain, Pastor Jentezen Franklin, Pastor Jack Graham, former Representative Michele Bachmann, Pastor Andrew Brunson, Congressman Frank Wolf, Jerry Prevo, Dr. Kelvin Cochran, Navajo Nation Vice President Myron Lizer, Lt. Col Oliver North, my son Lt. Col. Edward Graham, and my sister Anne Graham Lotz who led us in prayer at seven stops along the route of the Prayer March.” 

 

 Cahn’s Bait & $witch 

Cahn’s “The Return” event may have been a high-scale marketing ploy to launch his latest new book, The Harbinger II, which continues on with his “prophecies” concerning America. The theme of Cahn’s “prophecies” merge Old Testament prophecies blending Israel with those of America. This is based on the classic Christian Right (Dominionist) mantra that “America is a Christian nation.” To this claim Cahn typically includes the addition of Old Testament prophecies about Israel, potent occult mysticism derived from visions, fictional narratives, occult lore, numerology, and other unbiblical sources. His theology matches up precisely with that of the New Apostolic Reformation (NAR), particularly his eschatology. 

We have written extensively about Rabbi Cahn. See especially our most recent article (9/21/19) by Gaylene Goodroad titled “The Oracle of Cahn.”  And for those who want more background information on the “prophet” Cahn regarding specifically “The Return” we refer the reader to Marsha West’s detailed recent article “The Return—Jonathan Cahn’s Upcoming Prayer Event Produced by Wolves in Sheep’s Clothing.”  She sums it up with: 

“Let me cut to the chase. Prophet Rabbi Cahn’s books are not built on a solid biblical foundation. He has a mystical approach to interpreting Scripture. When you do the research you will discover that Jonathan Cahn is a false prophet. People say that about him because none of his prophecies have come to pass. Not one.” 

The question needs to be asked – what is meant by “The Return”? Since we do not have an early review copy of Cahn's book we can surmise that “return” means “repentance,” i.e., turning back to God because this is what he said in his remarks at 11 AM at his rally. And many in attendance at both Washington D.C. events seemed to sincerely desire to return to the Lord and repent. 

However, Cahn's term “the return” may also have embedded mystical meaning given his proclivities to employ extrabiblical esoteric sources. We are uncomfortably suspicious he may mean the return of a “presence”. In fact, the symbolism employed by Cahn is overtly freemasonic. Not only was his event staged at the foot of the nation’s foremost obelisk structure, The Washington Monument, but the “arrow” in his graphic letter “R” is obviously phallic. 


The scenery he employed for advertising “The Return” also includes a star arising over a networked earth. This image is indicative of the masonic belief that Lucifer (Sol) is returning to Gaia (the Earth) in a culmination of terrestrial ecstasy, creating a “new man” for a networked new world order.[3] Cahn’s use of this typology may indicate that the NAR’s planned second Pentecost with its “presence” theology is now openly connecting with the New Age idea of a cosmic consciousness. New Age leader Barbara Marx Hubbard's “christ” channeled in her book The Revelation, saying: 

“At the moment of cosmic contact, I will appear to you both through inner experience and through external communication in your mass media—the nervous system of the world. You will all feel, hear, and see my presence at one instant in time, each in your own way.”[5]

The Real Return 

Real revival results in marked transformation evidenced in changed real lives.(Romans 12:1-2) It cannot happen without a return by each individual Christian, and the church, wholly to the Word of God – the inspiration, infallibility and inerrancy of the Scriptures: 

“For the Word of God is quick, and powerful, and sharper than any twoedged sword, piercing even to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit, and of the joints and marrow, and is a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart.”
(Hebrews 4:12) 

The past decades in the greater evangelical world have been ridden with subversion of this Word by corrupting the text, adding in man-made philosophies, and denying its inspiration. Further, an “existentialism” has taken hold, which teaches that people need only “believe” the nice Bible stories and “feel good” about themselves. Some believe that the Word of God is not necessarily real nor true. This sort of mythological narrative view of Scripture has permitted the church to avoid obedience to the Word. Consider this one key fact and ask – how many doctrines that were preached fifty years ago are no longer taught nor practiced in the church today? How many doctrines have been compromised by “felt needs” or “circumstances”? It is clear that any real return would be to “the foundation of repentance from dead works” (Heb. 6:1). To do such a thing in this day and age is to guarantee social bullying and ostracization. The “fear of man” (Prov. 29:25) is indeed the largest impediment to actually taking the radical steps to repent of one’s sins. 

Repentance can only occur by applying the light of Scripture to the darkest places in our heart, and returning in real time, in real life to God wholeheartedly. Are the Scriptures the unique and supreme rule of faith and conduct in your life? Is God’s Word absolute? Is the Scripture still the law which governs your thoughts and acts? Can you submit to God’s Word or are attempting to make your interpretation of Scripture submit to your lusts, desires, opinions, and lifestyles? Has your gospel become truncated and twisted, acclimating itself to your comforts? If so, you have “left your first love” (Rev. 2:4). 

Cahn acting as the prophet Jeremiah (Exhibit)
  

Personal Testimony 

I was a hippie, saved by God’s grace 49 years ago from a horrible occult and immoral lifestyle. When I was born again during my first year in college I found myself in the Jesus Movement. I experienced it as a real revival. It was only later in my life that I realized to my surprise that people on the West Coast linked the Jesus Movement to Christian rock ‘n roll and Calvary Chapel. The Midwest experience was somewhat different. It was part of the spontaneous outpouring of God’s salvific grace upon a young generation of postmodern infidels who had been raised in dry dead Protestant churches. We hippies had outrageously sinned by abandoning all restraint and authority, and by indulging ourselves in lusts, the occult and eastern mysticism.[6]

I can assert that God’s Word was what we clung to when Satan ravaged our thoughts and attacked our newfound biblical beliefs. It was God’s Word that brought conviction to our hearts – so scouring that sometimes we would be weeping flat on our faces on the floor before God. It was God’s Word that illuminated our brains damaged by drugs and eastern meditation. By His Word we were set free into His true Light and true Peace. 

It was God’s Word that pointed out the narrow path to us. Each day as we would read and study the Scriptures we would become convicted of the ugly sins which we had so promiscuously pursued. We would earnestly pray for God’s forgiveness as we became to recognize the depths of our sinful condition. For some of us it took years of studying the Word to walk out of our old life into newness of life, to align our mind to God’s Word, and to abandon our old ways. During this time of real revival we experienced real miracles, healings, deliverances, and sometimes God’s amazing protection from harm. We openly shared our Good News with others, but sometimes we experienced rejections and alienation from family members. There was a genuine joy in evidence as we were refreshingly cleansed by the shed blood of Jesus from our sins. 

Those of us oldtimers, who have now survived lo these many long decades, have only done so by God’s grace. Along the way there are many abandoned carcasses of once faithful saints who left the narrow path. Some even died in their sins. At first the biggest temptation was to return back into old lustful sins of the flesh. Another temptation was to substitute a psychological “inner voice” for God’s Word. Later temptations involved “shunning to declare the whole counsel of God’s Word” (Acts 20:27). Many of us who had been in the Jesus Movement were lured into the Latter Rain cult beliefs (that later became the NAR) because it promised us the signs and wonders that we longed for, like that which we had once experienced as new believers. But some of us grew wary when it came without the solid doctrinal foundation of the whole counsel of God's Word. 

Over the past five decades the authority of God’s Word has been denigrated. To a generation that had originally rejected authority this has always been a prime temptation. The gospel of easy-believism came in like a flood. Under the onslaught of shattered lives and broken families, and changing societal mores, certain doctrines began to be neglected and the church eventually became altogether silent about them. 

Many ministers no longer carefully guard their associations with those leaders who have been concocting new doctrines or corrupting old ones. In fact, they brazenly share the stage with such men! Essential key doctrines rapidly became both corroded and eroded by exposure to these popular men’s worldly philosophies. Of course there has been a tremendous financial profit to be had by all who compromise with the new books, conferences and organizations filled with the new teachings that always push beyond the boundary of orthodox theology. Those of us who have sounded warnings about this semantic theological revisionism found ourselves blacklisted and “cancelled” by mainstream evangelical media and publishing arms beginning in the early 1990s. 

God’s Word has been systemically chopped off at its root and a New Age trunk to the evangelical tree is forming. There has been widespread pretending that it is all being grafted in because of new enlightenment – “new understandings” or “new revelations” about God's Word. This is a slide backwards into postmodernism. Some of us recognized this as the very sort of faulty church foundation that we fled from in decaying Protestantism to become new believers. 

(Exhibit)

Experiential Esotericism

Cahn is the latest champion in a long line of prior signs and wonders teachers, which is another reason why his idea about a “return“ is way more than the simplicity of biblical repentance. Several decades ago, into the vacuum of the authority of God's Word came the Third Wave leaders such as C. Peter Wagner and John Wimber. These men and their associates taught that God’s Word is insufficient and that signs and wonders supersede or supplant it. Wagner actually concocted a slew of new theologies to undergird his errant foundation, and millions across the world have only been taught his heresies, not the true Gospel of Salvation. Rather, they taught the gospel of the kingdom, a Dominionist worldview. Both men believed that they could invoke the Holy Spirit via audio-visual media, mind-altering phenomena, mood-inducing music, chants, decrees, signs and wonders, revelations, prophetic “words,”, and other psychological methods of manipulation. The evidence for “revival” was no longer repentance from sin, but rather being “filled” with a false spirit that sometimes shows itself in demonic head-wobbling or uncontrollable laughter. Now this movement's leaders are attempting to invoke a “presence” spirit, a substitute for the REAL RETURN of Jesus, His soon Second Coming.

These experiential exuberances substitute for true repentance and they are characteristically devoid of God’s Word. In fact, it is commonplace to listen to an entire message without once hearing the name of Jesus Christ, mention of His Cross and Resurrection, or a presentation of the Gospel of Salvation found in God’s Word. Many ministers water down and water down their messages to the lowest common denominator. No more meat, just pap or sweetened sugar drinks. Ecumenism in evangelicaldom has become a giant stew pot of collaboration, dialogue, common ground and compromise – the dialectic. Ecumenical efforts promise unity and reconciliation, revival and power, even the ability to fulfill the Great Commission. But it all avoids God’s gold standard of authority for all things pertaining to life and godliness, His Word. 

We wrote about this slippery slope as it unfolded during the 1990s. For the past 15 years our articles have been published on this Herescope blog. We have lived long enough to see a great falling away, a great apostasy from the Truth of Jesus Christ found in God’s Word. We have witnessed the dechristianization not only of our nation, but also the church. We have sadly watched as friends and fellowships have fallen away into these popular errors. We knew the extreme dangers of so many of these occult, mystical and esoteric heresies because we once engaged in them ourselves before we were saved. We know firsthand the path to repentance and have tried to tell people The Way back to Jesus Christ.

As the church has lost its ability to be salt and light, the world, and our nation, has become a darker place. Evil is now running rampant, unchecked. People are afraid in their own homes. Law and order authority is evaporating and there is talk of it being legislated away. Brutal violence lay hidden from public view as people dismembered tiny lives in wombs for the past 5 decades. But now human violence has openly erupted on the streets. Those who have lived by the sword may die by the sword. Things are indeed bleak, and scary. 

Those who have a heart to see America become a “Christian nation” have misplaced their yearnings. But there is hope. It begins by each one of us returning to our first love, Jesus Christ, and agreeing with God to obey His Word, to follow Him, to repent of our wicked deeds. And when we do so we need to share Jesus Christ and His Word of salvation with others.

“I know thy works, that thou hast a name
that thou livest, and art dead.
Be watchful, and strengthen the things which remain,
that are ready to die:
for I have not found thy works perfect before God.
Remember
therefore how thou hast received an
d heard,
and hold fast,
and repent.
If therefore thou shalt not watch, I will come on thee as a thief,
and thou shalt not know what hour I will come upon thee.”

(Rev. 3:1b-3)


Endnotes:

1. This concept is explained and refuted in our post titled “Identificational Repentance,” Herescope, August 20, 2007, https://herescope.blogspot.com/2007/08/identificational-repentance.html. 

2. It is true that America was founded with much Christian influence. However, in Vengeance Is Ours: The Church In Domionion (Sword, 1990) Al Dager explains the root belief of all Dominionists that hold to the idea that there is a “mandate to rule the nations in the name of Christ,” which he says was “a natural outgrowth of Gnostic influences in the early Church. The Church prelates, (sic) gave rise to the belief that, since Christ came to save the world, it must be through the Church that salvation will be wrought.” (p. 36). See our landmark article that contains a compilation of a great deal of what we have written about this Dominionism “7 Mountain Politics and Theology,” 2/24/16, https://herescope.blogspot.com/2016/02/7-mountain-politics-and-theology.html.

3. This freemasonic belief system was explained by the historian A. Ralph Epperson in a conference in Iowa in 1992 and is spelled out in his book The New World Order (Publius Press, 1990). 

4. See our "7 Mountain Politics and Theology" post (2/24/16) which contains a compilation of everything we've written about this "presence" eschatology: https://herescope.blogspot.com/2016/02/7-mountain-politics-and-theology.html  

5. This may all be connected to the continued attempts to forge “laughing revivals” in the New Apostolic Reformation. This quote from Barbara Marx Hubbard ‘s The Revelation: A Message of Hope for the New Millennium (Nataraj Publishing, 1995), p. 242),is found in Warren B. Smith original Reinventing Jesus Christ: The New Gospel (Conscience Press, 2002), p. 58, along with her disturbing quotes about “selection process” that will eradicate humans who refuse to evolve. Bold added.

6. The writings of Dr. Francis Schaeffer helped many of us sort through what we had been taught in public schools and liberal Protestant churches.

For further reading see: 

Sunday, August 16, 2020

The Rise of False Prophetesses


"...I have a few things against thee, because thou sufferest that woman Jezebel, which calleth herself a prophetess,..."
(Revelation 2:20a)

"Jezebel cut off the prophets of the LORD,... Then Jezebel sent a messenger unto Elijah, saying 'So let the gods do to me, and more also, if I make not thy life as the life of one of them by tomorrow about this time.'"
(1 Kings 18:4a, 19:2)

 

Recent events in the world have jump-started some of the old intentions of the Latter Rain movement to create a false revival. In southern California at Huntington Beach a new uprising is identified as "Saturate 2020" and it is attempting to invoke a "great awakening" or a second Jesus movement. It is getting quite a bit of press attention. Characteristic of these types of stage-managed productions, there is a great deal of hoopla and frenzied commotion, conscious altering music, and a hefty dose of Latter Rain/New Apostolic Reformation doctrine, including about building the 7 mountains of Dominionism. It also significantly highlights false prophetess Heidi Baker and several new ones on the scene, Jen Miskov and Jessi Green.

Rather than reinvent the wheel to write about this, we encourage you to read Sandy Simpson's latest comprehensive post "Saturate 2020" detailing the problems with this event and providing key links to documentation. See also: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=utbvEcLxuHs. Sandy writes:

The fact that some formerly Biblical churches have joined this circus is a testament to their lack of teaching discernment. Some of these denominations were warned repeatedly about the Latter Rain, Word of Faith and the New Apostolic Reformation yet they apparently wanted to remain “willfully ignorant”. The people advertised as being involved with this latest “revival” are almost all associated with Bethel in some way and promoters of what they teach. This is not a true Biblical revival but rather a revival of the occult and New Age among Christians. This meeting is actually hurting the cause of Christ...

Apologist Jackie Alnor produced an important video documentary on Saturate 2020 a few weeks ago. Watch her report because in it she names the names of men who seem to falling for this new revival: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0rVuoBHs7n8&feature=youtu.be


Saturate 2020 and several other evidences of a striking increase in false prophetesses has given rise to deep concerns that godly evangelical men may be lured into their lair. The other day we received an email from a discerning friend who was very grieved, asking us how it is that seemingly godly men, respected and mature in the Lord, could possibly fall for these delusions. Below is our reply, which we post for our readers' edification.

Why Men Fall for Jezebel 

To answer your earlier questions about how and why seemingly godly men would follow after false prophetesses, here are our observations after our many decades in the trenches with the Lord. 

We have always considered the term “Jezebel” and the term “false prophetess” to be synonyms. The Scripture is clear that there are attributes of Jezebel in both the Old and New Testament that identify a false prophetess quite specifically.

Over the years Lynn and I have counseled many Christians trying to repent of all of their previous occult involvements. We have observed that there is a fallible “soft spot” in the hearts of certain vulnerable Christian men who lean sympathetically towards a false prophetess, epitomized by the women called Jezebel in Scripture. Worse, there is a “fear of man” (or, should we say, “fear of woman”) that is also a fatal loophole in men who fall into abject submission when confronted by the nasty side of false prophetesses. Every man of God needs to be exhorted to stand firm against such women. They persecute (threaten, intimidate, bully, verbally or physically abuse, etc.) the true prophets of God, meaning those men who are teaching the Word and standing for Truth. Jezebel literally killed godly men in the Old Testament!

There is also the seductive side to a false prophetess. She preys upon the sensory and/or emotional weaknesses in men — hooking them in where they have a “soft spot” for her. She massages their lusts — sexual, money, power, fame, etc. Or she makes them somehow dependent upon her, they feel that then “need” her or her machinations, or that they are somehow indebted unto her. She may even blackmail them. Or she may position them to “choose” between her and some godly woman (including possibly his wife!). She supplants the place of Christ in their hearts and minds with these clever methods. So if there is any weak spot in a man that has not been repented of? — This is precisely where she seizes control to wield and manipulate them. This is psychic, it is occult, it is satanic, it is idolatry. She stabs into the heart and it is deadly. It is a tragedy when we see her operate in a marriage. And this is how she destroys a church and/or a ministry.

We have observed that there is a darkness of vision that accompanies a false prophetess deception. Many men do not even realize they are under the spell of a false prophetess. We’ve known pastors who permitted an out-of-order heresy-prone woman to wreak havoc upon his congregation — either terrified to confront her, or wooed by her many elaborate ruses, or in a few cases, physically seduced by her.

At its most basic level there is a psychological weakness we humans all have for those whom we love and respect. Sometimes we have great tolerance for the sinful errors of others close to us, hoping we can lead them back to Truth. Indeed, the Lord Himself says He gave the Jezebel in Thyatira (Rev. 2) “space to repent” — therefore so must we. The Lord also gave those who committed adultery with her time and space to “repent of their deeds.” But, if there is no repentance, and when we find that we are actually having to justify our convivial relationship to the point of excusing flagrant transgressions or participating in her sins, heresies, errors and deceptions, then we are headed into deep trouble. And it behooves us to be continually on guard against any “desperately wicked” (Jer. 17:9) “soft spots” we may harbor in our hearts towards her that leave us vulnerable to her deceptions. 

 

There is a notable sign of our times regarding this “prophetess” danger which we should be aware of. It may apply to men prophets, too. Our longtime friend Jack Morlan, who repented radically and came out of the homosexual movement 40 years ago (he got married, had children, and is now a grandfather) claims that certain men may wield this same Jezebel-ish psychic/occult power over other men, particularly if they are prone to homosexual sins (either known or in the closet). He has warned us of men who acted like Jezebel both within and without the church. Godly men need to guard against this sort of man as well.

As for women and their weaknesses — the many who desire to emulate Jezebel — this is another tragic story. Women prophetess-wannabes exhibit both a seductive and a nasty side. Many of them are trying to fill a void in their hearts — but not with Jesus Christ. They have left their first love, if they even ever held to Jesus Christ in the first place. These are women who crave power, fame, accolades, money, beauty, lust and sensuality on the path to emulating Jezebel. Often they come from broken homes or abusive background. There is an aspect of control as they look to build an empire, their own spiritual kingdom. Our heart grieves for them while they are lost in the depths of their depravity because only Jesus Christ can save them from their sins.

We once attended a church where the chief elder’s wife visited the New Age bookstore once a month to learn about the latest “spirituality.” She was a prophetess-wannabe, hoping for TV type stardom. This undiscerning lady became deeply involved in Kundalini — she even attempted to lay hands on ladies' chakra points at a church women’s retreat. Discerning women attempted to warn the pastor. But because her husband donated large monies to the church the minister was reluctant to confront her. The church quickly fell apart in a series of disasters.

Some false prophetesses come to Christ out of the occult. But if they never fully repented of their occult “spiritual gifts” they are tempted to use them in Christianity. They can then wield great power over others with these false gospel gifts. It is far worse when a woman claims to be the voice of prophecy, or even the voice of God. At this point she's become a full-blown dangerous false prophetess and people need to be warned of her dangers. The extent to which these women become public figures, acclaimed and renowned, sitting on platforms with or standing in the place of men, exhibiting their false gifts, poses a danger to the entire church at large. Can such a woman be saved? God gave space and time for the apparently high profile Jezebel and her followers to repent in Thyatira. But if no such repentance becomes evident — which should include not only a public repentance but an open renouncing of specific sins, errors, heresies, misleadings and false teachings — she should then be warned against publicly.

We will warn that there is a backlash to any Gospel dealings with Jezebel/false prophetesses. Just ask Elijah. Some of the most vicious persecution we have experienced in our Christian life has come from them or their minions.

 ~Lynn and Sarah Leslie

"...for I am with thee to save thee and to deliver thee, saith the LORD. And I will deliver thee out of the hand of the wicked, and I will redeem thee out of the hand of the terrible."
(Jeremiah 15:20b-21)
 

Images are from personal files, public Internet, and Jackie Alnor's video "Jack Hibbs: Forming Alliances."